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Thursday, 5 December 2013

Definition of Verb- and its types- easy English grammar class notes in Hindi- banking grammar exam tips


Verb is called a doing word. It shows action.
A verb is a word used for saying something about some person or thing.
  -         J.C.Nesfield

Kinds of Verb
Transitive verb-In some sentences, the action passes over from the subject to the object. Verbs used in these sentences are called Transitive Verb
                      ·          He wrote a letter.
                      ·          She has helped me.
Intransitive Verb-there is some sentences in which the action does not pass over from the subject to the object.
The sun shines brightly.
                      ·          Birds fly.
                      ·          Helping verbs
We have seen that five helping verbs are used to express tense forms-
Present/Past indefinite- do/does, did
Future Indefinite will, shall
Continuous be (am/is/are, was, were, be)
Perfect Have (has/have, had)
Since verbs cannot function in these forms without these Helping verbs, these five helping words are called Primary or Principal Helping Verb.
                      ·          I shall go.
                      ·          You will do this.
                      ·          May he pass!

Difference between the nature of Helping Verb from Main Verb-

Ø Helping verb has no independent meaning and is never used independently.
Ø Helping verb is used to make negative sentences and questions.
Ø Helping Verb and not may be contracted as one word.
Ø Verb has the following characteristics.

Wednesday, 4 December 2013

Rules for Adjectives- English and computer easy class notes in Hindi

Rules for Adjectives

Ø Normally Adjectives used before the word which it’s qualify, but if we use Adjective it comes after verb.

                                                        ·          He is good boy.
              In this sentence adjective good is used as Attributive.
                                                        ·          The boy is good.
              In these sentences Adjective good is used as Predicative.

Ø Whose is the only Possessive Adjective and is to be used for both the living and non-living. However for the non-living we may use adjective phrase of which.
                                                             ·          The leg of that chair was broken.
                              Of which chair was the leg broken?

Ø Some Adjective show Highest Degrees in their meaning. So they don’t have any comparative and Superlative degree.

             Round,   Perfect,   Unique, Chief, Complete, Eternal, Extreme, 
             Ideal, entre, Universal, Square etc.

                                  ·          This book is complete in every way.
                                  ·          He is perfect gentleman.
Ø When we compare two nouns and say that one is more or less than the other, we use Comparative Degree.

                                                         ·          He is taller than she.
                                                         ·          Rohan is wiser than Abhishek.

Ø When we compare more than two Nouns, we use Superlative Degree.

                                                          ·          Amarnath is the highest Hindu shrine.
                                                          ·          The nearest hospital is 3 km away.

Exercise related to Adjective
                      ·          My house is bigger than   my uncle.
               My house is bigger than that of my uncle.
                      ·          He is more cleverer than his cousin.
               He is cleverer than his cousin.
                      ·          I prefer walking than swimming.
               I prefer walking to swimming.
                      ·          No less than forty people attended the marriage party.
               No fewer than forty people attended the marriage party.
                      ·          Delhi is the old city of India.
               Delhi is the oldest city of India.
                      ·          She  did not buy some pen.
     She did not buy any pen.
                      ·          Sulekha is beautiful than Sneha.
               Sulekha is more beautiful than Sneha.
                      ·          My sister is older to me.
               My sister is elder to me.
                      ·          Will you give the old man any help, please?
      Will you give the old man some help, please?
                      ·          The outermost walls of this room are to be painted green.
               The outer walls of this room are to be painted green.

Saturday, 30 November 2013

Definition of Adjective- Grammar tips for competitive exam

Adjectives are describing words that qualify or add something to the meaning of a noun or pronoun.
·        The lazy dog sat on the rug.
·        Raksha has little affection for his cousin.
Types of Adjective
Adjectives have been divided under two broad heads-
1.     Describing Adjective
2.     Determining  Adjective
             Describing Adjectives describe two ideas-
Quality – it is the answer of what kind of
Colour – it is the answer of what colour
Describing Adjectives-
Adjective of quality – It show the kind or quality of a Person or thing.
1.     He is old not young.
2.     His thoughtless actions harmed him.
Proper Adjective Proper adjectives are derived from Proper nouns and are written capital letters.
India – Indian, America – American, Shakespeare – Shakespearean
They are used attributively before Nouns.
1.     The revolution which took place in 1917 was Russian.
2.     I have a liking for American Literature.
Determining Adjectives – Since determining Adjective or Determiners are very few; adjective is generally called a describing word.
Possessive Adjectives – Possessive noun is a form of Possessive Adjective. Possessive Adjectives are My, Our, Your, His, Her, Its, their.
1.     Sing Your Song again, it was very sweet.
2.     They boarded the train without their tickets.
Interrogative Adjective - Interrogative   Adjectives are used before nouns to ask questions.
1.     What present do you want?
2.     Whose work was liked by all?
Adjective of Number – they are also the same as numerical pronouns. Which denotes exact numbers?
1.     Water from Seven rivers invoked on scared occasions.
2.     Of these story books you may take any one.
Quantitative Adjective – Quantitative Adjectives are always indefinite and always singular.
1.     He left no juice in the glass.
2.     After serving in a big firm he has earned a lot of money.


Rules Related to Pronoun- easy notes for Banking exam on computer tech in Hindi blog- English grammar tips

Rules Related to Pronoun
Ø We need subject pronoun when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence.
·        They will definitely come.
·        Here they are the subject of the sentence.
Ø Possessive Pronouns indicate ownership and never need apostrophes.
·        The beautiful house is mine.
Ø Reflexive Pronouns, should be used only when they refer back to another word in the sentence.
·        The host himself received the guests.
Ø Pronoun is basically Personal Pronoun. In Conversation, we use 1st person for the speaker and second person for the listener. Object Pronouns are used when the Pronoun is the object of the sentence.
·        Kavita talked to him.
·        John bought a gift for her.
Ø If we use 2 or 3 persons in one sentence then we arrange them like 2nd, 3rd, 1st means we use 1st person last in the sentence.
·        You, he and I are fast friends.
·        You and I must go there.
Ø Each other is used for 2 persons, and ‘one another’ is used for more than two persons.
·        Parmeet and Randhir love each other.
·        These children love one another.

Exercise related to Pronoun 
1.     It is me who can help you?
Correct- It is I who can help you?
2.     I have resigned to my fate.
                   Correct-I am resigned to my fate.
3.     He took his younger brother with himself.
                   Correct- He took his younger brother with him.
4.     Let Arun and I struggle with this problem.
                   Correct- Let Arun and me struggle with this problem.
5.     This is the same pen which I gave you.
                   Correct- This is the same pen as I gave you.
6.     Myself did this work.
                   Correct-I myself did this work.
7.     One should do his duty.
                   Correct- One should do one’s duty.
8.     Such boys who are careless suffer in their life.
                   Correct-Such boys as are careless suffer in their life.
9.     I, You, and he are fast friends.
                   Correct- You, he and I are fast friends.
10. The person which wins prize brings honor to his school.
                   Correct-The person who wins prize brings honor to his school.